Literature Review Mental Health and Children

Annotated Bibliography

Cassandra Howery

PSYC520 Personality and Counseling Theories

American Public University

Dr. King

November 30, 2017











Annotated Bibliography

Cyril BoonmannEmail author, Thomas Grisso, Laura S. Guy, Olivier F. Colins, Eva A. Mulder, P. Vahl, Lucres M. C. Jansen, Theo A. H. Doreleijers and Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren (2016). Childhood traumatic experiences and mental health problems in sexually offending and non-sexually offending juvenile.BioMed Central

The article brings about the fact that childhood traumatic experiences present themselves as the major societal problem and negatively affects the child as they grow up. Research has indicated that there is a direct relationship between the childhood abuse and development of mental health problems. They do contribute to the risk of later offending behavior. In this research article, the authors examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles that are sexually offended. The research indicates that there is a high rate of the childhood abuse in children. The data collection was done on 44 juveniles that have been sexually offended. It was carried out in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014. These individuals were examined for childhood abuse history. The individuals being questioned were required to fill in the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form). The research continued to bring out the connection that exists between childhood abuse and mental health problem in JSOs were then compared to the juveniles that were offended non-sexually. The findings were that JSOs, sexual abuse was majorly due to anger problems, suicidal ideation and thought disturbance. The research was concluded that the relationship between the childhood abuse and the mental health problems is of more salience for understanding sexual offending than non-sexual offending and should be an area to focus on in the future research.

Lawrence T Lam. (2014). Mental health literacy and mental health status in adolescents: a population-based survey. Biomedcentral.

The article aims to find out the relationship between mental health literacy and mental health status. It majorly focuses on adolescents. The study used the population-based survey. The research capitalizes the previous research on the topic and provides a clear definition of the two variable (mental health status and mental health literacy). The article collects data using a population survey sampling method. The fact that the research was conducted in Australia led to the use of Australia National Mental Health Literacy, and Stigma Youth Survey was used to measure depression. The assessment was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. Regression modeling was used for the analysis of results. T8he findings of the study were as follows: 1678 students were used for the study 16% of this population were found to identify with health literacy and correct identification of depression and wanted to seek medical help.14.8% (392) Individuals were identified vignette as depression, and 14% were found to be moderate to severe depressions. The regression analysis that was conducted revealed that that the young population that had been exposed to depression one week before survey are more likely to have inadequate level of MHL. The article concludes that there was a strong association between mental health status and mental literacy particularly in depression among young people.

Lauren R Miller-LewisEmail author, Amelia K Searle, Michael G Sawyer, Peter A Baghurst and Darren Hedley. (2013). Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: An analysis with multiple methodologies. BioMed Central.

This research provides the longitudinal study on the preschool factors that are associated with young children's mental resilience to family adversity. The research argues form the point of fact little is known about the development of resilience in early childhood. The research was conducted in 474 Australian preschools who had not attended from my school and two years later after transition into formal schooling. In both scenarios, the children were meant to fill in questionnaires which aimed to determine the relationships the children have with their parents, and teachers. The findings were that the children that were exposed more to family adversities tended to have more mental difficulties two years later after enrolling school. The research also used plenty of the methodologies to identify the resources associated with resilient mental health outcomes. The children that had good teacher, parent and other children relationships would be associated with resilient mental health outcomes. Child-parent relationship and the self-concept had promotive effects that were all beneficial for children with low and high-adversity. There was a small teacher-reported outcome for children with self-control. The research concluded that the early interventions and prevention strategies that aimed at developing the child-adult relationship quality, self-concept and self-control are important in building up of the children mental health and resilience to family adversities.

Oraynab Abou Abbas and Fadia AlBuhairan. (2017). Predictors of adolescents’ mental health problems in Saudi Arabia: findings from the Jeeluna® national study. BioMed Central.

Adolescence does experience a lot of physical, mental and psychological development. This means that they are prone to mental challenges. This article provides research on depression and anxiety among adolescents. According to the authors, adolescents require more attention in that they stand higher chances of harming themselves. Adolescents tend to have life-threatening risk behaviors such as suicide. The research aims to finds the reasons for feeling so sad or hopeless and worried about adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Data collection was using random sampling where students aged 10-19 years that were attending Saudi Arabia schools were studies. There was the use of questionnaires to access several domains. The questionnaire aimed to capture things such as feeling sad or hopeless. In the data collection process, the Logic regression models were used to determine the factors associated with mental health. The results were that the females tended to feel more worried and sad than the male adolescents. The major reason for this mood was the poor relationship with parents. The research concludes by stating that there is need for special attention for the mental health problems faced by adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Some of the proposals for handling this problem included adopting o the regular screening and intervention programs.

Stefania Maggi. (2013). Rural-urban migration patterns and mental health diagnoses of adolescents and young adults in British Columbia, Canada: a case-control study. Biomedcentral.

This research aims to find whether migration forms the rural to urban among adolescents aged 15-19 and young adults 20 to 30 years old could be linked to the mental challenges these populations experience. The authors provide background information on the early identification of mental problems and quality of life. According to the article, early identification of mental problems can improve health outcomes in their later life in that it helps to reduce the psychopathological conditions. The study used the nested case-control study was used to determine the rural-urban migration and migrational patterns on diagnosis of mental health. The study also used the International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision (ICD-9) mental health diagnoses as outcomes. Some of the things that were measured in the research include reaction to stress, adjustment reaction, and nondependent drug abuse and alcohol dependence. The analysis of the findings was done using through controlling parental mental health and socio-demographic characteristics. The findings of research were that there was a strong association between stability and migration patterns. The individuals that were born and grew up in the rural had a lower risk of being depressed compared to the ones that were not born and grew up in the same area. Adolescents and adults that migrated between the rural communities were at lower risk of adjustment reaction that the ones that migrated from the rural to urban. The research concluded that the rural environment plays an important role in the development of specific mental health condition among children.

Tine K Jensen, Envor M Bjørgo Skårdalsmo and Krister W Fjermestad. (2014). Development of mental health problems – a follow-up study of unaccompanied refugee minors. BioMed Central.

This research article aims to bring about the study of developmental, the mental health problem for refugees. The research is majorly based on the fact that refugee children tend to develop elevated symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and externalizing problems. The authors also point out the fact that there is little literature present on the change in the mental health symptoms for this group upon resettlement in the new country. The study was carried out in Norway. 75 refugees were picked as the most appropriate sample size for the study. All the individuals had a mean age of 16.5 years old. The study aimed to measure the symptoms of anxiety, depression among other stress-related problems among the children. The study was carried form the six months after the arrival of the refugees and to 1.9 years later. Linear regression models were used to examine the length of stray. A change in education level or change in the number of experienced stressful events indicated symptoms of change. The findings of research were that there was insignificant change in the mean scores of both symptom scales. There was also significant increase in the number of the minors that recorded an increase in stressful life events and that education did not predict any changes in stress levels. The research concluded that there was no average change in level of depression, anxiety or externalizing problems for the unaccompanied refugee children two years upon arrival. There is little literature in this area. There is need to learn the mental effects immigration has on children over a long period.


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