Describe in great detail what you have learned in AJ 1

This is your last Discussion Post. It's worth a maximum of 20 points………….but your post must be at AT LEAST 400 words, so give it some thought and don't wait till the last minute.    

Describe in great detail what you have learned in AJ 1.  Think of the many chapters and topics that we covered.  The many issues to consider that perhaps you didn't know or you thought you knew.  Such as, Miranda Rights, the Bill of Rights, Interrogations, Juvenile matters, police patrols, the court and prison systems, theories on crime… Arraignments, Probable Cause, Mere Suspicions, Reasonable Suspicion, plea bargains, warrants, jails, prisons, Classical, Neo-Classical, Positivist theories, Jurisdiction, Tithing, COP, PCC, Sir Robert Peel, Augustus Vollmner, John Augustus, Social Contract, Cesare Baccaria, Cesare Lambroso, William Sheldon, Dec of a Independence, U.S Constititiuon, and much more. 

Hopefully, you figured out if you are mostly conservative or mostly liberal. You also learned about punishment and how you feel about prisoner rights vs the rights on victims. Also, recedivism, probation, parole, panopticon, Sheriff Howard, Willliam Penn, Pennsylvania Vs Auburn systems.

You can discuss what you learned from my many videos or from the weekly Discussion Posts where you had to take a stand on social issues.

There are many things that I hope you have learned and maybe this class has given a better, worse, or different view of police, law enforcement, and hopefully will guide in the right direction.  Unless you are related to someone in law enforcement or you have a friend in law enforcement, this is the most contact you have ever had with someone in the field. So, hopefully you have a better understanding of what we are really like although, we are also all very different individuals.

Hope you enjoyed my class and hope to see you in my Winter and Spring classes 

Winter:  AJ 3 and AJ 6 at the main capus-  See schedule if interested 


Sunday12月 3 at 11上午

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There have been many topics I learned in this class that I have never really knew or thought about (court/prison systems, police patrols, etc.) After every lesson of the week, I felt more safe and strict towards myself. After reading about all the rights (Bill of Rights), laws, or even which person can turn out to be a criminal (body theory), or during a discussion where I had to decide if was willing to save or help a family member if they were in trouble of being convicted of a crime. This class really opened my eyes to reality. My plan was to major in criminal justice to become a crime scene investigator, and after ever lesson it made me realize how much I really am interested in this field. This class guided me more into the direction I was looking forward to follow.

 In AJ 1 I have learned a lot. From mere suspicion (that gut feeling), probable cause (probably committed crime), reasonable suspicion (reasonably believed), warrants, jails/prisons, Miranda Rights, PCC, Cesare Lambroso, William Sheldon, punishment, and so many more topics that I never knew about. From the first day where we learned about the history of law enforcement (the 6 men that were hired to go after criminals known as the Bow Street Runners) to the second week where we learned about the institution of social control (family, religion, school, law enforcement, and media) to the three components “PCC” of the Criminal Justice System (Police, Courts, Corrections).

 Before taking this class, I never knew about what was needed or what was right from wrong or the different rights and warrants. Such as the LEO who writes the warrant is called the Affiant and a Ramey warrant is required when a LEO intends on arresting a suspect inside his home, or the history of the Miranda Rights which was from an incident in 1963 and was used ever since then. I have learned the rights of being arrested such as invoking (suspect doesn’t want to talk) or waiving (suspect wants to talk after the Miranda Rights have been read) and even the public safety exception (reading the Miranda Rights before the interrogation.) There are so many steps that a police officer has to do during an arrest and even rights that a suspect may have that I never knew about. My favorite lesson was explaining crime and evil and the criminological theory as to why people commit a crime. As well as the classical theory (crime based on free will) Neo classical theory (not all people have free will all of the time) and positivist (do not believe that people have any free will.) As to Cesare Lombroso who was an Italian doctor who studied prisoner’s which was basically the uglier you were, the higher chance you had to being a criminal. Even with the body type theory from William Sheldon: Ectomorphic (slim) Mesomorphic (muscular) Endomorphic (fat). Every lesson taught me something new and I am really excited to get involved in the field of Law Enforcement.

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Collapse Subdiscussion Marysol Zuniga

Marysol Zuniga

3:06pm12月 5 at 3:06下午

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I have learned so much in this class, all I have ever know was what I learned by watching csi and other criminal investigation shows. For starters putting myself in the hot seat and seeing how I would react to certain sinarios I surprised myself with the answer. I've never been one to put myself in uncomfortable situations like that, hence the field of work I work in I do not do well under pressure. It really made me respect anyone that works in this type of field it is not easy. I always thought that some were just being mean and did not have it tough, but boy was I wrong. But all our topics of discussion are things that happen to other people and officers day in and day out. I knew about the Miranda rights but never really knew how they were implemented and just based everything off the shows I would watch but reality is nothing like a tv drama. The court in prison system is way different then I expected it to be. I watched a lot of videos about it and it is all horrific. I really do salute all the officers that put their lives on the line everyday to protect us. I am more of a liberal person myself that goes by a due process method. The discussion that most hit home was when the criminal kidnapped that child. When their is children involved thats when I don’t think I would have been able to hold my composure and handled it very well. I know there are certain guidelines you have to follow and certain boundaries you can not cross. I do not have the patience to play by the rules I would want to get answers out of them no matter how I do it. My boyfriend is a deputy at mens central in downtown la and he calls me after every shift and you can hear the stress in his voice before he even starts to tell me about his day. It is very difficult to understand and not until it is personal you will know that. I appreciate all that you have taught me and this is all great information that if I ever do get caught in any type of legal situations I will have more knowledge than before to try to help myself out. It really puts things in perspective on the outside looking in.

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Collapse Subdiscussion Xilin Chen

Xilin Chen

7:14pm12月 5 at 7:14下午

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First, I would use this opportunity to say thank you to our great professor, and I think it is a great class to study as online class. We did lot of research, lots of readings, and lots of information and comments from professor and classmates to understand what is administrative justice. I love to know about the history on police and classical, neo-classical and positivist style in this course and I have learned a lot in it.


To learn about the police history would help us to know why we need police. After the industrial revolution, the city built all over the world. Then, many of us were not live in village anymore and moved to cities, and cities created criminals and that is true because it makes people to lived crowded and more close together. Also, the creation of police also provide the punishment or nowadays, correctional services for those criminals. I remember in many years before I played a game called Sims City, and it is very good game to see if a city with no jail/prison, how it will look like. I think it is good to know about the history and why as a police we need to protect ourselves.


The classical, neo-classical and positivist style shows the people will see criminals in many different ways, and we can see different way how people treat as the criminal as punishment or correctional service for people. I think I trust about the neo-classical and I think it is important to see if the person did not have any psychological problem, then a punishment is a must if people commit in any crimes because it is on their choice. I think it is better for us to know about what will be a way to change people free will from being a criminal to be a normal person.


To conclude, I think this class is great experience for me although I am not an Administrative Justice major student, but I learned a lot on the mandatory skills that we lived in the United States. I think as a society we need to obey all the rules and we need to think about how we should do if I live in the United States. Last, I hope I can continue some studies in AJ and I think this is a great class and I hope every students enjoy this class and learned a lot from it.

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Collapse Subdiscussion Linda Bobadilla

Linda Bobadilla

7:44pm12月 5 at 7:44下午

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Coming to an end in this AJ class I realized that not only did I gain much knowledge of the subject but I also learned a lot about myself. Growing up in an era where most of what we learn comes from tv shows, movies, and word to word information that clearly is never correct. I recall always thinking that Miranda Rights were a MUST when someone was arrested. I was clearly taught that there is a recipe for Miranda Rights that is an arrest plus interrogation. I even learned about the history of Miranda and it was an ironic story to hear that Miranda was a rapist who got convicted, overturned, and convicted again. He was released on early parole and finally killed by someone who walked free thanks to the Miranda Rights. When learning about the two models of the criminal justice process I agreed more with the Crime Control Model. I don't sympathize with criminals and certainly do not believe that they should be given any more privileges. They are given basic human rights and they are taken care of when they have a need such as medical and dental care. They are fed 3 times a day and although they are deprived of their freedom it is only because they chose to go that route. Majority of the time criminals are let off earlier than their given sentence because of good behavior or even because of dumb laws we have created. One being Prop 47 and AB 109. We learned that California has allowed for many felony criminals to be either released or sentenced to only jail time because their crimes are no longer considered "violent". I believe that people who voted for these propositions were only trying to fix the problem of overpopulation in prisons but unfortunately increased the growing crime rate. As mentioned before, I learned that I am more on the conservative end of the spectrum. I do believe that criminals chose to become criminals and good people chose to become who they are. I recall learning about Cesare Beccaria whom I agreed with for his promotion in preventing crime over punishment although once one has committed an act of crime then they should be punished for it. In the US we certainly do try to prevent crime by implementing consequences to almost everything we do.  Moreover, The most difficult yet intriguing topic for me was learning all about warrants. It is a topic where you have so much to retain but once learning about it it made me realize that being an officer is not an easy job at all. Not only do they put their life on the line every day but they have so much to think of, learn, and remember when answering to a call or doing a simple thing such as talking to someone. This class alone offered so much to learn and it is only the tip of the iceberg. I cannot wait to keep learning a lot more within this one subject.

Overall, it was a great class and it truly opened my eyes to see and try to understand the law enforcement field from another point of view. Thank you, professor!

Edited by  Linda Bobadilla  on 12月 5 at 7:47下午

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Collapse Subdiscussion Maribel Garcia

Maribel Garcia

10:51pm12月 5 at 10:51下午

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I'm actually a little sad this class is coming to an end.  Although, I know there is just so much to learn about the wonderful world of Criminal Justice, this class has definitely touched on the history and has helped me better understand the beginnings. 

My favorite topic was how it all started back in England, in the Twelfth Century, where people took care of business when justice was a private matter.  Where the Tithing System was created by a group of people who followed the law, improved protection, and justice.  Also, it's amazing the similarities between back in those days and now a day, like the 10 Tithings forming a group of a hundred, a shire, being under the direction of a shire reeve, similar to a county, here in the states, where a county is under a Sheriff's direction.  Then we have the constable watch system in 1285, where the people were the police and the protection was all from the locals even though watchmen were not getting paid and that brought some disregard.  This and the beliefs of best known classical criminologist, Cesare Beccaria, the Father of Law Enforcement, Sir Robert Peel, and the Father of American Law Enforcement,  August Vollmer, paved how Americans acquired a foundation on how to formulate law enforcement.  

Today, law enforcement follow a lot of what the Fathers believed law enforcement should be.  From the qualifications in recruiting to training, to the instruments in the field, education, undercover units, to preventing crimes before they happen, different agencies, federal, state, county, city, and more.  Law enforcement continues to change and grow just like back then.  Though, a different time now from back then, a lot more diversity, different societies, different minds, backgrounds, moral values, religions, and lifestyles from back then. 

So much crime, so many reasons of why crime occurs.  I found fascinating the classical theory deriving from the Enlightenment period and later the neo classical theory.  Which I learned I am a conservative.  It was very interesting to learn of William Sheldon's  extension of Lombroso's criminal anthropology.  The temperaments based on three body types so many laws, constantly, new case laws, court process, life in prison, and juveniles. 

The scenarios put a realistic touch to the class, allowing us to decide and take the handle.  Even being able to respond to one another during our discussions was great because we learn from each other and we share different thoughts and ideas.  It was interesting that not everyone taking this class wants to join law enforcement.  

I truly enjoyed this class and it is certain that I love this profession, that it can be stressful, it requires a lot from you, and one never stops learning, ever.  My knowledge of Miranda rights definitely expanded and a better understanding on mere suspicion, reasonable suspicion, and probable cause makes me feel a little more confident.  I learned so many new things and highlighted a better understanding in many others I thought I knew.  But I have to say that what I enjoyed reading the most were the Professor's modules, that clarified a lot and helped things sink in.  I love the humor in them, helps me memorize and retain.  Thank you so much Professor Santoyo for sharing your knowledge, experience, and stories with us.



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